June 23, 2024
10 Essential Public Health Services | Public Health Gateway


For the past 25 years, the Essential Public Health Services (EPHS) have served as a well-recognized framework for carrying out the mission of public health.

The EPHS framework was originally released in 1994 and more recently updated in 2020. The revised version is intended to bring the framework in line with current and future public health practice.

10 Essential Public Health Services (Revised, 2020)

10 Essential Public Health Services | Public Health Gateway

The revised 10 Essential Public Health Services Framework.

The revised EPHS framework was released on September 9, 2020. It was a collaborative effort by the Public Health National Center for Innovations

The task force of experts included CDC and other federal agencies that were instrumental in establishing and supporting the original EPHS framework. Details about the process to update the EPHS, along with other accompanying materials, can be found on the PHAB Center for Innovation


  1. Assess and monitor population health status, factors that influence health, and community needs and assets
  2. Investigate, diagnose, and address health problems and hazards affecting the population
  3. Communicate effectively to inform and educate people about health, factors that influence it, and how to improve it
  4. Strengthen, support, and mobilize communities and partnerships to improve health
  5. Create, champion, and implement policies, plans, and laws that impact health
  6. Utilize legal and regulatory actions designed to improve and protect the public’s health
  7. Assure an effective system that enables equitable access to the individual services and care needed to be healthy
  8. Build and support a diverse and skilled public health workforce
  9. Improve and innovate public health functions through ongoing evaluation, research, and continuous quality improvement
  10. Build and maintain a strong organizational infrastructure for public health


10 Essential Public Health Services – Full
Provides a detailed description of each Essential Public Health Service

10 Essential Public Health Services – One Pager
Provides a brief one-page summary of the 10 Essential Public Health Services

10 Essential Public Health Services – Graphics
Contains downloadable graphics for promotion

Examples of How the Social Determinants of Health Can Be Addressed Through the 10 Essential Public Health Services
Learn how the EPHS can incorporate interventions to modify social determinants of health—the conditions in the places where people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age.

Environmental Public Health and the 10 Essential Services
Learn how environmental health program activities can help deliver the 10 Essential Public Health Services in communities and support public health accreditation.

Leave a Reply